الرئيسية / دورات تدريبية / كيف تصنع من الكلمة المرئية أو الكلمة الصوتية أو الإصدار المرئي أو البيانات خبراً صحفياً؟

كيف تصنع من الكلمة المرئية أو الكلمة الصوتية أو الإصدار المرئي أو البيانات خبراً صحفياً؟

كيف تصنع من الكلمة المرئية أو الكلمة الصوتية أو الإصدار المرئي أو البيانات خبراً صحفياً؟

هناك عدة طرق للتعامل مع الكلمات المرئية وأشرطة الفيديو أو الكلمات الصوتية او الإصدارات المرئية أو البيانات الصحفية وتحويلها إلى خبر صحفي أو إلى عدة أخبار منفصلة.
في البدء نقوم بالاستماع الجيد للكلمة المرئية أو الصوتية أو مشاهدة الإصدار المرئي أو قراءة التفريغ النصي لهذه الكلمة أو البيان.
ويكون من الأهمية بمكان هنا وجود خلفية معرفية وثقافية جيدة لدى كاتب الخبر عن المتحدث أو الجماعة التي أصدرت الشريط المرئي أو البيان الصحفي وعن الموضوع الذي تتعلق به الكلمة. وذلك حتى يسهل عليه إيراد تفسيرات لبعض محتويات الكلمة التي قد لا تكون معلومة لعامة الناس، ولربط بعض الفقرات بما يتعلق بها مما لم يورده المتحدث في حديثه، وللتذكير بأحداث سابقة متعلقة بمضمون الكلمة.
1- اختيار عنوان الخبر :
نقوم باختيار عنوان مناسب يعبر عن مضمون هذه الكلمة أو هذا البيان.
وقد يكون العنوان اقتباساً لإحدى الفقرات التي جاءت في الكلمة والتي تكون الأكثر أهمية فيها.
وقد يكون تلخيصاً لأهم ما جاء فيها وهنا يتكون العنوان من أكثر من فقرة قصيرة.
2- صياغة الخبر:
في صياغة الخبر يمكننا إما الاكتفاء بتلخيص الكلمة أو البيان الصحفي وبيان أبرز ما جاء فيها بدون اقتباس مباشر للنصوص وإنما إيراد للمعنى الإجمالي.
وإذا كان من الضرورة إيصال الرسالة بنصها للقارئ فإنا هنا لا نقوم بتلخيص الكلمة ولا بإعادة صياغتها وإنما نوردها كما جاءت بعد تقطيعها إلى فقرات منفصلة حتى يسهل على القارئ الاستمرار في القراءة، ونقوم بوضع عنوان فرعي لكل فقرة منفصلة يعبر عن مضمونها.
الطريقة السابقة هي لصناعة خبر صحفي واحد من الشريط المرئي او الكلمة الصوتية او البيان الصحفي.

كيف تصنع من الكلمة المرئية أو الكلمة الصوتية أو الإصدار المرئي أو البيانات عدة اخبار صحفية منفصلة؟
في هذه الحالة نقوم بتحويل الكلمة او الإصدار إلى عدة أخبار منفصلة إذا كانت الكلمة تحتوي على أكثر من موضوع كأن تتحدث مثلاً في جزء منها عن مصر وفي جزء آخر عن فلسطين وفي جزء آخر عن سوريا ففي هذه الحالة نقوم بصناعة ثلاثة أخبار منفصلة.
وأيضاً يمكننا ان نحول الكلمة او البيان لعدة أخبار إذا احتوى على أكثر من فقرة مهمة تصلح كل منها لأن تكون خبراً مستقلاً.
كيف تصنع من عدة بيانات منفصلة خبراً صحفياً واحداً؟
مثال على ذلك البيانات التي تصدرها حركة الشباب المجاهدين أو حركة طالبان او جبهة النصرة، في هذه الحالة بعد تجميع هذه البيانات نقوم إما بتلخيصها معاً في خبر واحد وإما بإيرادها جميعها في خبر واحد .
وقد نقوم بالتركيز على أكثرها أهمية ثم نورد بعد ذلك ملخصاً عن بقية البيانات.
ويراجع في هذا الشأن ما كتبناه سابقاً عن كيفية التعامل مع بيانات دولة العراق الإسلامية.
ويراعي في كل ما سبق ما سبق ذكره من صياغة الخبر والعنوان.

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